What does PRP stand for
PRP is an abbreviation for Platelet Rich Plasma. Plasma is the liquid portion of blood which houses all the cellular components such as red and white blood cells, as well as platelets. In simple terms, platelets naturally make up only 10% of blood’s cellular components. In PRP, the platelet ratio is enhanced up to 12x the concentration found in regular blood. Therefore, PRP is simply plasma rich in platelets.
What is PRP therapy
PRP is a non-surgical treatment to aid healing - used in many fields, including sports medicine and orthopedics. In the field of non-surgical orthopedics, PRP is injected into the affected region to stimulate and enhance cellular regeneration. PRP is a small portion of the patient's own blood that contains mega doses of the body’s healing proteins that are stored in platelets. The medical term for these proteins is Growth Factors.
What types of conditions are treated with PRP
Based on current research, the following areas have been proven to be most responsive to PRP:
orthopaedic and sports related processes: tendonitis, tendinosis, partial tendon tears, ligament sprains or partial tears, and partial muscle tears that have not improved after conservative treatment - physiotherapy protocols, rest etc. PRP has also been effective at treating cartilage degeneration found in early to moderate osteoarthritis.
dermatology: healing of skin wounds - acute traumatic and chronic, hard to heal wounds; cosmetic skin rejuvenation and scar minimisation
hair: hair restoration in male and female pattern baldness
surgical : multiple surgical applications to assist wound, bone, muscle, tendon , ligament healing
dental: used with implants and for treating advanced periodontal disease
Is PRP new
Platelet Rich Plasma was first used in cardiac surgery in 1987 after an open heart operation to avoid blood transfusion. The next area in medicine to adopt the therapy was dental surgery where it has been safely used for over 20 years. More recently it has been utilised in plastic surgery, cardiothoracic surgery, implant surgery, and spinal fusion surgery. Latest advancements in technology have allowed the positive outcomes from these intra-operative applications to be replicated in the outpatient clinic setting. Incorporation of latest PRP research into clinical practice in the fields of orthopaedic, musculoskeletal, dermatology and wound healing applications has provided excellent non-surgical patient management with positive outcomes.
Alocuro is continually reviewing cutting-edge research, and observational data through international clinical use to ensure that Alocuro’s PRP therapy protocols offer the patient the best possible outcome from PRO-PRP.
Is PRP guaranteed to heal my injury or degenerative tissue
There is no current medical technique, product or device that can 100% guarantee it can ‘cure’ injured or degenerative tissue, nor is there any guarantee of Alocuro’s PRP therapy providing the desired healing outcome in every patient case. However, there have been over 5000 published research articles on the use of PRP to improve healing in humans, and also veterinary applications. The best protocols and applications of PRP from the more recent research have been incorporated into Alocuro’s Pro-PRP system. When these protocols are followed, the patient’s own healing ability should be improved at the local injection or wound application site and it is hoped this will lead to a shorter recovery time with reduced pain and disability for their injury or chronic problem.
Alocuro’s PRO-PRP device and our specific protocol has been developed in conjunction with leading orthopaedic surgeons, sports medicine physicians and biomedical engineers and scientists, to ensure that the PRP therapy can provide optimal healing benefit.
Is PRP approved for use in professional or elite athletes
PRP therapy has gained significant media attention due to a number of high profile athletes crediting their fast recovery time and improved performance due to a reduction in pain from PRP therapy. Recent sporting personalities who have credited PRP therapy as the likely reason for their rapid return to tournament success include: golfer Tiger Woods, tennis players Rafael Nadal and Maria Sharapova and NBL stars Kobe Bryant and Grant Hill.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) allow the use of PRP therapy in all applications for elite athletes ( 2014)
How are the platelets concentrated
In order to benefit from these natural healing growth factors the platelets must first be concentrated. This is a brief summary of the alocuro PRO-PRP protocol.
To prepare PRP, 15 to 30mls of blood is taken from the patient using a venepuncture technique almost identical to having a standard blood collection for pathology testing. The whole blood sample is then carefully introduced into the Alocuro PRO-PRP device, which is then placed in a centrifuge. A specific protocol of centrifugation is used to isolate a platelet rich plasma (PRP) component of the blood from the whole blood sample. This PRP component is then withdrawn from the device and under strict aseptic conditions is carefully injected to the site of injured or degenerative tissue. The entire process takes less than 30 minutes and increases the concentration of platelets and growth factors needed for tissue regeneration by up to 1000%.